2 edition of cognitive structure of a stereotype found in the catalog.
cognitive structure of a stereotype
John Thomas Zanetich
Written in English
|Statement||by John Thomas Zanetich|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||50 leaves :|
|Number of Pages||50|
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Cognitive Structure and Stereotype Change ABSTRACT - Stereotypes have often been assumed to be resistant to change, although some evidence indicates that they are responsive to new by: However, neither of the key orienting assumptions in stereotype research mentioned, namely, that stereotypes are simplified mental images or the cognitive components of attitudes, focuses specifically on what has been described as the evaluative, emotional, affective, or motivational significance of stereotypical beliefs themselves.
This chapter reviews research and theory on the social cognitive underpinnings of both stereotype development in children and stereotype formation among adults. Although research on these topics has developed largely independently from another, the two areas of research may inform one another in important ways.
Toward this end, the authors have tried to draw attention to both similarities and Cited by: 3. Stereotypes and the Construction of the Social World explores the complexity of stereotypes, guiding the reader through issues of definition and theoretical explanations from psychology and other disciplines.
The book examines why people use stereotypes, which have often been represented as inaccurate, rigid and discriminatory. Stereotypes - structured sets of beliefs about the characteristics of members of social categories - influence how people attend to, encode, represent, and retrieve information about others, and how they judge and respond to s: 1.
Investigating the cognitive cognitive structure of a stereotype book of stereotypes: Generic beliefs about groups predict social judgments better than statistical beliefs. Hammond MD, Cimpian A. Stereotypes are typically defined as beliefs about groups, but this definition is underspecified.
Beliefs Cited by: 4. In the present study we view stereotypes as cognitive structures. Each structure represents a specific social group and the attributes that characterize members of the group. Stereo. Stereotyping and Stereotypes.
Stereotyping involves the representation and evaluation of others in ways that ratify and endorse unequal social relations. It does so by making such representations appear fixed and unchanging as well as in stark contrast to the identities of. Some Goals for a Theory of the Cognitive Structure of Emotions 12 Summary 14 2 The Structure of the Theory 15 The Organization of Emotion Types 18 Basic Emotions 25 Some Implications of the Emotions-as-valenced-reactions Claim 29 Summary 33 3 The Cognitive Psychology of Appraisal 34 The Appraisal Structure 34 Central Intensity Variables The purpose of this book.
Imagine for a moment a busy city intersection with a police officer controlling traffic. All of the users of that street are individuals, but they are also members of society and, like the police officer they are members of groups that help us to explain why those people act in the way they do at particular times.
Provided is an unusually broad analysis of stereotypes as products both of individual cognitive activities and of social and cultural forces. While devoting careful attention to harmful aspects of stereotypes, their connections to prejudice and discrimination, and effective strategies for countering them, the volume also examines the positive functions of generalizations in helping people navigate a.
Stereotype patterns were consistent across a variety of reading materials, including picture‐books, fiction for older readers and school‐books. Some researchers questioned what the potential effects of such stereotypes might be on readers, but few examined these questions by: The Cognitive Structure of Emotions addresses such questions by presenting a systematic and detailed account of the cognitive antecedents of emotions.
The authors propose three aspects of the world to which people can react emotionally. People can react to events of concern to them, to the actions of those they consider responsible for such Cited by: GENDER STEREOTYPES: A SOCIAL COGNITIVE APPROACH SANDRA BARBER B.
(HONS.), A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Psychology. Department of Psychology, University of Tasmania December File Size: 2MB. The study of stereotyping and prejudice is a study of human nature, group mem bership, and intergroup relationships.
It sheds light on each of these aspects of social psychology. With respect to the first two, it has been observed that since groups provide the best framework for satisfying various human needs, individuals continuously.
COGNITIVE LOAD, STEREOTYPED GROUPS, AND PUNITIVENESS 3 The Effects of Cognitive Load and Stereotyped Groups on Punitiveness Introduction Punitive decisions for marginalized out-groups seem to be harsher in America’s legal system, despite the court's having a commitment to unbiased administration of Size: KB.
A recent project with Andrei Cimpian (New York University) investigated the cognitive structure of social stereotypes. We aimed to refine the current psychological definition of stereotypes—which is simply that stereotypes are “beliefs about groups.” This definition underspecifies the kind of beliefs that make up stereotypes.
Keywords: Stereotypes, Communication, Social, Psychological, Problems, Solution 1. Definition of Stereotypes Stereotypes simply mean cognitive representations of another group that influence our feelings toward members of that group.
Lippman () refers to stereotypes as “pictures in our heads.” He points out stereotypes have both a cognitive.
Elena L. Vilinbakhova St. Petersburg State University. Introduction. Originally, the word stereotype derives from two Ancient Greek roots: στερεός ‘solid’ and τύπος ‘impression’.
It was first used by the French printer Firmin Didot in as a typographicalit became a part of everyday language (in the beginning, it was used mostly in the form of an. Briefly, abstraction-based models argue that stereotypes are represented in memory as summaries of the typical group member, or prototypes.
These models make intuitive sense but run into problems in accounting for all of the data. Exemplar models argue that stereotypes are represented as a collection of group members - or examples the.
As people age, they change in a myriad of ways — both biological and psychological. Some of these changes may be for the better, and others are not. This book primarily concerns the normally aging brain, the neuroanatomical and neurophysiological changes that occur with age, and the mechanisms that account for them.
It is not primarily about the behavioral or cognitive concomitants of those. Stereotypes are "cognitive structures that contain the perceiver's knowledge, beliefs, and expectations about human groups" (Peffley et al.,p. 31). These cognitive constructs are often created out of a kernel of truth and then distorted beyond reality (Hoffmann, ).
Journals & Books; Register Sign in. Social psychologists have developed a model of stereotype that frames stigma as a cognitive structure. Their social cognitive paradigm seems especially useful for a model of cognitive behavioral therapy for stigma.
This model identifies three targets: (a) persons who hide their mental health experience Cited by: In stereotype-relevant situations, a person has the tendency to overperform.
B _____ is an individual's fast-acting, self-fulfilling fear of being judged based on a negative idea about his or her group. This approach, which has a long and rich tradition in the stereotyping literature (cf. Allport, ; Ashmore & Del Boca, ; Tajfel, ), views stereotypes as mental representations of social groups and seeks to understand how these cognitive structures influence information processing, social perception, and interpersonal and intergroup Cited by: Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination: Theoretical and Empirical Overview John F.
Dovidio, Miles Hewstone, Peter Glick, and Victoria M. Esses ABSTRACT This chapter has two main objectives: to review inﬂuential ideas and ﬁndings in the literature and to.
In social psychology, a stereotype is an over-generalized belief about a particular category of people. It is an expectation that people might have about every person of a particular group. The type of expectation can vary; it can be, for example, an expectation.
A schema is a cognitive structure that serves as a framework for one’s knowledge about people, places, objects, and events. they can also narrow our thinking and result in stereotypes. Key Takeaways: Schema nine participants claimed that they saw books in the office when in reality there weren’t any there.
Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions became the most widely read book about science in the twentieth century. In this book, first published inthe theories of concepts developed by cognitive scientists are used to evaluate and extend Kuhn's most influential by: a stereotype is: a.
the cognitive form of a prejudice b. a negative impressive of a group of people c. always inaccurate d. a cognitive summary that can be positive or negative. Stereotypes And Stereotyping: A Moral Analysis they generalize these characteristics to the whole group.5 This is the way that the image of Finnish-Americans as dishonest took root in Jim's mind.
But, given divergent individual experiences with a given group, it would be difficult to exp~ain ~he established fact of widely-shared andCited by: There are many modern-day stereotypes that are portrayed in "Of Mice and Men". Many of the stereotypes that are in this novel are either racial, sexist, or intellectually degrading.
One type of racial stereotype thats is clearly seen in this novel is that there is a Missing: cognitive structure. Schema Theory Jeff Pankin Fall Basic Concepts Definition: Schema theory is a branch of cognitive science concerned with how the brain structures knowledge.
A schema is an organized unit of knowledge for a subject or event. It is based on past A schema for cultural understanding contrasts with the rigid structure of a Size: KB. Attitude theory is used to provide a conceptual analysis of how attitudes toward men and women relate to gender stereotypes.
Consistent with this analysis, attitudes toward the sexes related positively to the evaluative meaning of the corresponding gender by: Kohlberg's cognitive developmental theory of gender is divided into three stages, the first being gender identity, the second being gender stability, and the third gender stage represents a different level of understanding that a child goes through during development.
Get this from a library. Cognitive representations of light- vs. dark-skinned Blacks: structure, content, and use of the African-American stereotype. [Keith Brian Maddox]. Understanding Age Stereotypes and Ageism A s we learned in Chapter 1, America has a graying population.
Presently, seniors (people age 65 and older) make up 13% of the population. Bywhen the youngest members of the Baby Boomer generation reach retirement age, 19% of all Americans will be seniors (U.S. Census Bureau, ).
Schema, in social science, mental structures that an individual uses to organize knowledge and guide cognitive processes and behaviour. People use schemata (the plural of schema) to categorize objects and events based on common elements and characteristics and thus interpret and predict the world.
Stereotypes about others leading to prejudice (e.g., Devine, ) and schemas about the self leading to depression (e.g., A. Beck, ) are fundamentally the same type of cognitive structure.
According to the integrated perspective on prejudice and depression, negative stereotypes (i.e., schemas) are activated in a Source, who expresses Cited by: In his landmark book Whistling Vivaldi, Claude M. Steele introduced me to the concept of cognitive load, the mental effort of attempting to not fit a stereotype.
I realized just how much cognitive Author: Chris Bodenner. Implicit stereotypes are referred to in the literature, and taught to psychology students, as a cognitive bias (Fiske and Taylor, ).When, in the past, only a specific group of people were Author: Perry R. Hinton.
The books interview: The psychologist and bestselling author of Thinking, Fast and Slow reveals his new research and talks about prejudice, fleeing the. Gender schema theory is a cognitive theory of gender development that says that gender is a product of the norms of one’s culture.
The theory was originated by psychologist Sandra Bem in It suggests that people process information, in part, based on gender-typed knowledge.